Flat Belt Pulleys
Smooth belt pulleys are used in transmission systems that are driven by toned belts, typically high-speed, low-power applications in textiles, paper producing, and office machinery such as for example computer printers. Flat belts are as well used for conveyors. In comparison to plied belts of equivalent horsepower, flat belts are slimmer by 25% or even more, which allows toned belt pulleys to always be scaled-down than V-belt pulleys. Toned belts are also less costly than belts used in a serpentine belt pulley. One safety factor is that in overtorque conditions, the belt can slip, preventing damage to equipment apart from the belt itself. Flat belts require smooth pulleys and flat pulley idlers. They do not necessarily require grooved toned belt pulleys. A set pulley idler can also be utilized for the trunk side of a typical V-belt. Flat belt travel pulleys apply motive capacity to the belt.
Features
Toned belt pulleys and toned belt idler pulleys can have a molded crown, which helps to centre the belt, prevents rubbing against the exterior flanges, and provides support under the center of the belt, where there may be the most stress. The crown also helps to keep the belt on the smooth belt pulley (belts have a tendency to proceed to the tightest posture). In some cases, a set belt drive carries a monitoring sleeve or other device for keeping the belt on the toned pulley.
Specifications
Specifications for smooth belt pulleys include:
· belt width
· outside diameter
· bore size
· hub diameter
· hub projection
Tension on a set belt is usually set by adjusting the distance between pulleys to extend belts by a tiny amount, such as 2%.
Standards
Standards for flat belt pulleys are maintained by the Worldwide Business for Standardization (ISO) Specialized Committees 41 (pulleys and belts) and 101 (continuous mechanical handling equipment). In the Countrywide Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) publication, Motors and Generators (MG 1), Section 14.7 mentions smooth belt pulleys.
Flat Belts Information

Flat belts are made for light-duty power tranny and high-efficiency conveying. They will be best-suited for applications with smaller sized pulleys and huge central distances. Toned belts can connect inside and outside pulleys and can come in both unlimited and jointed structure. They have a higher power transmission performance, are affordable, and are easy to use and install.
Operation
The small bending cross-section of the toned belt causes tiny bending loss. The frictional engagement on the pulley outer surface requires simply a little cross-section and makes smooth belts very flexible, leading to negligible energy damage. A flat belt does not require grooves, reducing the energy loss and wear from the belt wedging in and taking out from the grooves.
Additional benefits of toned belts include energy savings, an extended service life of belts and pulleys, less down-time and excessive productivity, and low noise generation from a smooth belt operation. Smooth belts could be installed basically and securely. Belts will be tensioned to the calculated first tension through basic calculating marks to be employed to the belt. You will find a constant stress on the belt therefore the belt will not must be re-tensioned.
A disadvantage of toned belts is their reliance in belt tension to create frictional grip over pulleys. This high belt tension necessary to transmit power generally shortens bearing life. Another disadvantage is their inability to track properly given that they tend to climb towards the higher side of the pulley, which explains why V-belts > have become in acceptance. A V-belt can be a simple belt for power tranny. They are usually endless in development and their cross-section shape is trapezoidal, offering it the identity V-belt. The V condition of the belt tracks in a mating groove in the pulley to ensure that the belt cannot slide off.
Construction
Three common designs of flat belts include:
Fabric ply belts contain several plies or layers that are constructed of cotton or synthetic fiber, with or without rubber impregnation. The number of plies determines the belt thickness that will help determine the bare minimum pulley diameter for the travel.
Textile cord belts are constructed of multiple cords created from cotton or synthetic fibers such as for example rayon, nylon, plastic, or Kevlar. They happen to be incased in rubber and protected with a cloth/runner covering. This type is normally classed as a heavy-duty flat belt, used for substantial speeds, tiny pulley diameters, and shock loads. Steel cables may also be used because they have higher capability and lower extend than textile cord flat belts.
Synthetic toned belts are produced from nylon. Nylon gives flexibility, extremely huge tensile durability, and operates efficiently at huge rim speeds. The belts are thin and they may consist of several plies of slim nylon bonded along to form a hardcore but flexible flat belt.
Flat belts generally have a traction coating manufactured from oriented polyamide with two covers of elastomer leather or textile material and one intermediate coating of textile on each side. The traction coating absorbs the forces exerted on the belt when electricity is definitely transmitted. The friction cover ensures that the peripheral induce functioning on the belt pulleys is normally transmitted to the belt and vice-versa.
Specifications
Specifications that are important to consider include: belt type, belt width, and initial elongation. If these factors transform, the belt should be recalculated.
Power transmission belt material types include polyester, aramide, and polyamide.
Polyester is the most frequent material because of it price-to-benefit ratio. It gives a versatile belt that can be utilised in a variety of operating temperatures with low energy intake, high flexibility, and trustworthy performance.
Aramide is a strong choice for long belts as a result of short take-up and high accuracy for amount of revolutions (RPM) and belt speed. It is highly flexible, simple to join, has a high E-modulus, and low energy consumption.
Polyamide is reliable and includes a long service lifestyle. It can work in many different conditions and capabilities well in extreme conditions with intermittent overload and excessive temperature ranges. Polyamide is shock resilient and grooves permit high grip.
Belt width is simply the width of the belt. The tensile force for 1% elongation per product of width after running-in (N/mm), k1% a.r.we., is the decisive value for calculating the required belt width and the resulting shaft load after belt relaxation
Correct and enough initial elongation is a pre-requisite for trouble-free operation of power transmission smooth belts. The calculated first elongation (ε0) should be observed. In devices with a tensioning pulley, the pulley is placed on the slack aspect and pushes the belt to supply the mandatory initial elongation. In devices with out a tensioning device the required initial elongation depends upon reducing the length of the shortened belt size, which may be the fabrication length. Always utilize the calculated first elongation provided by the manufacture when installing a belt.
When selecting a belt drive it is important to consider the speeds of and electric power transmitted between drive and driven unit, suitable distance among shafts, and appropriate operating conditions.
The equation for power is:
Power (kw) = (torque in newton-meters) x (rpm) x (2∏ radians)/(60 sec x 1000W)
Applications
The energy transmission flat belt can be utilised in many varieties of power transmission. It is known as a two pulley drive, consisting of a driving pulley, a motivated pulley, and the belt. Here are types of pulley design variations.
Flat belts may be customized for an array of applications. Such configurations include an incline to transport product to another level. Flat belts may also have a tracking sleeve beneath the system to ensure that the belt does not slip, or that the coefficient of friction could be adjusted to prevent slippage.
Regular applications include conveyors, compressors, machine tools, and different heavy industrial equipment.
Standards
Flat belts must adhere to certain standards and features to ensure proper design and functionality. JIS B 1852is very important to pulleys for flat transmission belts and ISO 22 is utilized to identify dimensions and tolerances for smooth tranny belts and corresponding pulleys.